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Caffeine poisoning in dogs has no antidote! Caffeine is a highly toxic for dogs and for other pets although this substance can be safely consumed by humans. Coffee, tea, chocolate are some of the food items that contain caffeine. The pleasant bitter taste in some soft drinks is due to the usage of caffeine as an ingredient. Coffee, tea, chocolate, coffee beans and grounds are food items that can have toxic effects on the dog because they contain caffeine thus the pet must be steered away from these foods.
Caffeine is a substance naturally produced by coffee beans, cacao beans and tea. Coffee is considered as the most popular drink of adult Americans. Stomach upset and poisoning are common consequences of the dogs inclination to eat just about anything. Caffeine poisoning is more likely to happen in dogs with coffee drinking owners. Not many owners would know about the toxic effects of coffee to dogs thus remaining coffee will be dumped on the bowl of the dog. Dogs also have the habit of raising trash cans and feasting on spoiled food. Dogs that have eaten coffee grounds found in the trash can suffer from caffeine poisoning.
Caffeine poisoning will occur if the dog has consumed more than 150mg of caffeine per kilogram of body weight. Dogs that have consumed caffeine more than this amount would suffer from the signs of caffeine toxicity. Although considered to be a mild stimulant, an over dosage would have the effect of slowing down cellular activity and stimulating the nerve cells to release adrenaline, the hormone that increases heart rate. A dog suffering from caffeine toxicity would be excited and would have increased respiratory rate. Muscle tremors can be noticed. Heavy bleeding and seizures occurs if the dog has ingested foods and drinks containing high levels of caffeine. Arrhytmia and generalized congestion are other signs of caffeine toxicity.
Caffeine taken in the amount tolerable to the dogs system does have some healthful benefits to the dog. Coffee is an effective diuretic. The dogs muscular strength is enhanced and the nervous system is stimulated by caffeine. By accelerating the heart rate, caffeine also has the useful effect of enhancing general circulation.
Caffeine has the effect of improving the intestines peristalsis motion. Coffee is actually given to dogs with cardiac insufficiency as caffeine stimulates heart muscles. However, dog owners have to be very careful not to give the pet too much of this substance.